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Background Information

Historical Mongolia
Historical Mongolia
Mongolia has a unique culture and cultural heritage, but one that connects in both historical and contemporary times to other cultures in the region. In the 24 years since the fall of Communism, academic research work in and about Mongolia has greatly increased. Scholars in the humanities have been drawn to the country due to its geographic and historic location at a crossroads within Inner Asia, and the enduring legacy of traditional cultures and lifestyles. Mongolia contains a wealth of archeological sites that bear witness to the many cultures and peoples that have inhabited the region, including important deer stones and other monuments associated with Bronze Age cultures, and sites from the Scythian, Xiongnu, Xianbei, Turkic, Uyghur, Khitan, Mongol and more recent empires. Culturally, Mongolia maintains one of the only enduring nomadic pastoral systems in the world, a legacy reflected in a range of contemporary cultural practices and beliefs, and the nation’s music, art, literature, and poetry. Mongolia’s culture has also been shaped by regional influences, such as Tibetan Buddhism, the cultures of its neighbors including China, Russia and Europe, while also outwardly influencing other cultures through both the Mongol Empire period and contemporary exchanges, such as the global interest in throat singing, which originated in Mongolia.

Mongolia has a number of characteristics that have helped preserve its cultural heritage.  The country was isolated during seven decades of Communist rule until 1990, and a relatively large share of the population remains in rural areas, living traditional lifestyles as nomadic pastoralists. The country has a fairly homogenous population, with ethnic Mongols making up approximately 96% of the country’s people along with a small, regionally concentrated population of Kazakhs who enjoy broad cultural and political autonomy. Mongolia is the least densely populated country in the world, with a population of only 3 million people in a land area more than twice the size of Texas. Mongolia contains the largest common property grassland in the world, with its natural habitats and ecosystems largely preserved. While rich in culture and biodiversity, the country’s economy and infrastructure is poorly developed, with a per capita income of only $6000 per person and few paved roads.

The pace of change, however, is accelerating, and Mongolia’s cultural heritage faces a number of threats, including rapid social and economic change. Spurred by China’s huge appetite for resources, Mongolia is experiencing a mining and economic boom, with double digit annual increases in GDP and growing exports of coal, oil, gold and copper. Domestic and foreign mining companies are spread out across the country seeking new resource deposits and developing mines and related infrastructure in once isolated rural areas. The boom is boosting the economy, but also creating social disruptions as people abandon traditional lifestyles and rural areas to move to cities or work with the mines. Not all people benefit equally from the boom, and growing income disparities push those who are left out to seek new ways to earn income.

The development of mines, roads and new settlements is disturbing important archeological sites, and people searching for easy money are looting sites looking for items to sell into the growing black market. Mongolia’s archeological sites are generally easily accessible and visible given the local geography, but few have been systematically recorded or studied. Many sites are being looted before a record is made describing the site and important artifacts, making it difficult to both gather crucial information from the site and to document the existence and origin of objects. Mongolian artifacts are appearing in international auctions, but in many cases authorities cannot prevent sales or assert ownership rights due to the lack of documentation of objects and sites. These issues were highlighted in 2012 when a Tyrannosaurus Rex skeleton from Mongolia appeared in a private auction in New York, and Mongolian President Elbegdorj led a successful effort together with the US government to halt the sale and return the skeleton to Mongolia. This artifact was just one of many that have left Mongolia under dubious circumstances, and highlighted the need to improve the documentation and security of objects of national importance within Mongolia.

Application Materials

Please read the following documents carefully and submit all application materials to or to American Center for Mongolian Studies, C/O Center for East Asian Studies, 642 Williams Hall, 255 S. 36th St., Philadelphia, PA 19014 by April 30, 2015:

Program Terms and Conditions

Terms and Conditions
Terms and Conditions
1. All applicants must be attending or graduated from a university in the US or Canada. All applicants for dissertation fellowships must be able to demonstrate that they have completed required coursework for their programs and will have an accepted dissertation proposal prior to the start of their fellowship program. Applicants must provide evidence in their applications that these provisions will be met, and evidence that all requirements have been met before the fellowship funds will be disbursed.

2. Short-term fellowship recipients must spend a minimum of 1 month of continuous time resident in Mongolia conducting their research projects under the fellowship program. Long-term fellows must spend a minimum of 3 months of continuous time resident in Mongolia conducting fellowship research. Short term fellowship funding will cover up to 3 months of research work, while long term funding will cover up to 9 months of research work. All fellows will be expected to work with the ACMS to identify resources related to their research work or field of study for the ACMS library. Fellowship recipients will be required to communicate regularly with the ACMS Ulaanbaatar office to update the status of the research work during the term of the fellowship. All fellows will be expected to contribute to the development of the ACMS Cultural Heritage Program through engagement in activities such as the development of workshops and conferences related to their fields of study, assistance in the development of research resources and materials related to cultural heritage, and outreach in both Mongolia and the US to build knowledge and networks related to Mongolia’s cultural heritage.  The ACMS will work with individual fellows to develop appropriate engagements with the ACMS Cultural Heritage Program under this grant.

3. Research projects should focus on topics relating to Mongolia’s cultural heritage in the humanities and social sciences. Projects focused on topics in the natural sciences are not eligible unless there are clear areas where the research furthers knowledge of social, cultural, political, or policy knowledge about Mongolia and the region.

4. Applications must be complete and must be in English. All application materials must be received by the ACMS by April 30, 2015. Applications must be submitted by e-mail to  Letters of recommendations and transcripts should be submitted separately from other documents by email or mail, but they must be received by the application deadline.

5. All applicants must be current members of the ACMS to be considered for the program.

6. All travel between the US and Mongolia must be pre-approved and verified with the ACMS office to qualify for payment or reimbursement.

7. Fellowship funds for living and research stipends will be disbursed in regular installments by the ACMS, and will be conditional on satisfactory research progress and adherence to the conditions of the grant. A portion of the final fellowship stipend will be withheld until the recipient submits a final report on their fellowship experience.

8. Award recipients are responsible for paying all taxes related to their awards. The fellowship funds awarded are generally considered income in the United States, Canada, and/or Mongolia, and therefore must be reported to the tax authorities. The ACMS bears no responsibility for withholding or remitting taxes related to these awards.

9. Fellows are responsible for ensuring proper medical and evacuation insurance coverage during their time in the field in Mongolia. Proof of insurance coverage will be required before disbursement of fellowship funds.

10. The ACMS and Henry Luce Foundation reserve the right to adjust the amounts and types of awards given under this program, as well as the general terms and conditions, before award agreements are reached with each recipient.